Da Nang – Wikipedia

Da Nang – Wikipedia

Da Nang (also written as Danang,[6][nb 1] dah, də NANG , NAHNG ;[7] Vietnamese: Đà Nẵng, [ɗâː nǎˀŋ] (listen)) is a class-1 municipality and the fifth-largest city in Vietnam by municipal population.[8] It is the third largest city in Vietnam by urban population, and it is considered as the third city of Vietnam. It lies on the coast of the South China Sea at the mouth of the Hàn River, and is one of Vietnam’s most important port cities. As one of the country’s five direct-controlled municipalities, it falls under the administration of the central government.

Da Nang is the commercial and educational centre of Central Vietnam and is the largest city in the region. It has a well-sheltered, easily accessible port, and its location on National Route 1A and the North–South Railway makes it a transport hub. It is within 100 km (62 mi) of several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Imperial City of Huế, the Old Town of Hội An, and the Mỹ Sơn ruins. The city was known as Cửa Hàn during early Đại Việt settlement, and as Tourane (or Turon) during French colonial rule. Before 1997, the city was part of Quang Nam-Da Nang Province.

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On 1 January 1997, Da Nang was separated from Quảng Nam Province to become one of four centrally controlled municipalities in Vietnam. Da Nang is designated as a first class city,[9] and has a higher urbanization ratio than any of Vietnam’s other provinces or centrally governed cities.[10]

Names and etymology[edit]

Most of the names by which Da Nang has been known make reference to its position at the Hàn River estuary. The city’s present name is generally agreed to be a Vietnamese adaptation of the Cham word da nak, which is translated as “opening of a large river”.[11][12]

Other Chamic sources, with similar definitions, have been proposed. Inrasara (aka Phú Trạm), a researcher specializing in Champa, suggests Da Nang is a variation of the Cham word daknan (lit. “the large water”); Sakaya (aka Văn Món), another Champa researcher, claims a connection with the Raglai word danang, meaning “river source”.[13]

Another name given to Da Nang was Cửa Hàn (lit. “mouth of the Han [river]”). The name used by the French, Tourane, is said to derive from this name, by way of a rough transliteration. Notably, this name (spelled “Cua han”) appears on maps of the area drafted by Alexandre de Rhodes in 1650. The name Kean (cf. Kẻ Hàn, roughly “Han market”) was another name purportedly used during the 17th century to refer to the land at the foot of the Hải Vân Pass.[11]

Other names referring to Da Nang include:[11]

  • Vũng Thùng, a colloquial name which survives in folklore.[nb 2]
  • Trà Úc, Trà Áo, Trà Sơn and Đồng Long Loan, literary names used by Confucian scholars.
  • In Chinese, Danang is known as Xiangang (峴港), this is derived from the old name 蜆港 (“Clam Harbor”).
  • In Chữ Nôm, used until 1945, “Đà Nẵng” is written as 沱灢.
  • Thái Phiên, a name used briefly after the 1945 August Revolution, commemorating Thái Phiên, the leader of popular revolts during the 1916 Duy Tân Resistance.


Ancient Vietnam[edit]

Da Nang in the painting Giao Chỉ quốc mậu dịch độ hải đồ (交趾国渡航図巻) of Chaya Shinroku (茶屋新六) in the 17th century.

The city’s origins date back to the ancient kingdom of Champa, established in 192 AD. At its peak, the Chams’ sphere of influence stretched from Huế to Vũng Tàu. The city of Indrapura, at the site of the modern village of Dong Duong in Quảng Nam Province (about 50 km (31 mi) from Da Nang), was the capital of Champa from about 875 to about 1000 AD. Also in the region of Da Nang were the ancient Cham city of Singhapura (“City of the Lion”), the location of which has been identified with an archeological site in the modern village of Trà Kiệu, and the valley of Mỹ Sơn,[15] where a number of ruined temples and towers can still be viewed.

In the latter half of the 10th century, the kings of Indrapura came into conflict with the Đại Việt, who were then based at Hoa Lư near modern Hanoi.[16] In 982, three ambassadors sent to Champa by emperor Lê Hoàn of the Đại Việt (founder of the Early Lê Dynasty) were detained in Indrapura. Lê Hoàn decided to go on the offensive, sacking Indrapura and killing the Cham King Parameshvaravarman I. As a result of these setbacks, the Cham eventually abandoned Indrapura around 1000 AD.[17]

The Đại Việt campaign against Champa continued into the late 11th century, when the Cham were forced to cede their three northern provinces to the rulers of the Lý Dynasty. Soon afterward, Vietnamese peasants began moving into the untilled former Cham lands, turning them into rice fields and moving relentlessly southward, delta by delta, along the narrow coastal plain. The southward expansion of Đại Việt (known as Nam Tiến) continued for several centuries, culminating in the annexation of most of the Cham territories by the end of the 15th century.

Western contact[edit]

This section needs expansion with: information regarding the period 1890–1960. You can help by adding to it. (September 2012)

One of the first Europeans to visit Da Nang was Portuguese explorer António de Faria, who anchored in Da Nang in 1535. Faria was one of the first Westerners to write about the area and, through his influence, Portuguese ships began to call regularly at Hội An, which was then a much more important port than Da Nang.[18] Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, French and Spanish traders and missionaries regularly made landfall at Hội An, just south of Đà Nẵng. An American, John White, arrived at Da Nang (then called Turon) on 18 June 1819 in the brig Franklin of Salem, Massachusetts, and was advised that the country was recovering from devastating wars, and that what little goods had been produced in the area was already allocated. Other American ships arriving shortly after were the Marmion of Boston, and the Aurora and Beverly of Salem.[19][20]

Conditions were such due to the wars that they were unable to conduct trade, and the subsequent missions of East India Company agent John Crawfurd in 1823[21] and the two missions of Andrew Jackson’s agent, American diplomat Edmund Roberts, in 1833 and 1836 were unable to secure trade agreements due to the exceptionally poor quality of the port.[19]:pp.19–40 Following the edict of Emperor Minh Mạng in 1835, prohibiting European vessels from making landfall or pursuing trade except at Hàn Port, Da Nang quickly surpassed Hội An, becoming the largest commercial port in the central region.

French Indochina[edit]

In 1847, French vessels dispatched by Admiral Cécille bombarded Đà Nẵng, ostensibly on the grounds of alleged persecution of Roman Catholic missionaries. In August 1858, once again ostensibly on the grounds of religious persecution, French troops, led by Admiral Charles Rigault de Genouilly, and under the orders of Napoleon III, landed in Đà Nẵng as part of the punitive Cochinchina Campaign.

The French overpowered the Vietnamese stationed in Da Nang, swiftly occupying the city and Tiên Sa peninsula (present-day Sơn Trà peninsula). The occupying forces were quickly placed under siege by the Vietnamese army under the command of Nguyễn Tri Phương, and were eventually forced to retreat in March 1860. The French were able to invade the southern stronghold of Saigon and, in June 1862, several provinces of southern Vietnam were ceded to the French as Cochinchina with the signing of the Treaty of Saigon.

Through two more decades of conflict, the French gradually strengthened their hold on Vietnam, culminating in the establishment of French Indochina (French: Union de l’Indochine Française) in October 1887.[22] Two years later, in 1889, the French colonists renamed the city Tourane, placing it under the control of the Governor General of French Indochina.[23] It came to be considered one of Indochina’s five major cities, among Hanoi, Saigon–Cholon, Haiphong, and Huế.

Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam)[edit]

During the Vietnam War, what is now the Da Nang International Airport was a major air base used by the South Vietnamese and United States Air Forces.

The base became one of the world’s busiest aircraft hubs during the war,[24] reaching an average of 2,595 aircraft traffic operations daily, more than any other airport and airbase in the world at that time.[25] The final U.S. ground combat operations in Vietnam ceased on 13 August 1972, when a residual force of the 196th Light Infantry Brigade stood down in Đà Nẵng. B Battery 3rd Battalion, 82nd Field Artillery Regiment fired the final U.S. artillery round and the 3rd Battalion, 21st Infantry Regiment finished their final patrols. This residual force was known as “Operation Gimlet”. After the US withdrawal from the conflict, in the final stage of the conquest of South Vietnam by North Vietnam, Da Nang fell to the communist forces March 29–30, 1975. Vietnam issued two special postage stamps to commemorate this event, within its “total liberation” stamp set issued 14 December 1976.


Da Nang is the largest city in central Vietnam and one of the country’s most important ports. The city is surrounded by mountains to the west, and the South China Sea to the east. Da Nang borders Thừa Thiên-Huế Province across the Hải Vân Pass to the north, along with the Quảng Nam Province to the south and west. It is 764 km (475 mi) south of Hanoi, and 964 km (599 mi) north of Ho Chi Minh City.[26] The city has a total land area of 1,283.42 km2 (495.53 sq mi), of which 241.51 km2 (93.25 sq mi) are urban districts and 1,041.91 km2 (402.28 sq mi) are rural districts.[26]

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Geology and topography[edit]

Geologically, Da Nang is at the edge of a Paleozoic fold belt known as the Truong Son Orogenic Zone, whose main deformation occurred during the early Carboniferous period.[27] Da Nang’s topography is dominated by the steep Annamite mountain range to the north and north-west, which features peaks ranging from 700 to 1,500 m (2,300 to 4,900 ft) in height, and low-lying coastal plains with some salting to the south and east, with several white sand beaches along the coast.[26]


Da Nang has a tropical monsoon climate with two seasons: a typhoon and wet season from September to December and a dry season from January to August.[26] Temperatures have an annual average of around 26 °C (79 °F).[26] Cold waves can occasionally occur, although they are of short duration.[26] Temperatures are highest between June and August with mean temperatures of 28 to 30 °C (82 to 86 °F)), and lowest between December and February (mean temperature of 18 to 23 °C (64 to 73 °F)).[26] In Ba Na Hills, the temperatures are lower with an annual average of 20 °C (68 °F).[26] The annual average for humidity is 81%, with highs between October and January (reaching 84–86%) and lows between June and August (reaching 75–77%).[28]

On average, Da Nang receives 2,153 mm (84.8 in) of rainfall. Rainfall is typically highest between September and November (ranging from 550 to 1,000 mm (22 to 39 in)) and lowest between February and April (ranging from 23 to 40 mm (0.91 to 1.57 in)).[26] Da Nang receives an average of 2156 hours of sunlight annually, with highs between 234 and 277 hours per month in May and June and lows between 69 and 165 hours per month in November and December.[26]

Climate data for Da Nang
Record high °C (°F)32.8













Average high °C (°F)25.1













Daily mean °C (°F)21.5













Average low °C (°F)19.1













Record low °C (°F)8.9













Average precipitation mm (inches)85













Average precipitation days11.
Average relative humidity (%)84.283.983.582.679.576.575.377.281.984.584.885.581.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours1391451882092462392532181761451201032,181
Source 1: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology[29]
Source 2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (extremes 1939–1993)[28]

Natural disasters[edit]

Da Nang is susceptible to damage from typhoons that cross into the South China Sea. In 2006, the landfall of Typhoon Xangsane near the city of Hue caused 26 deaths in Da Nang, damaging and destroying homes, downing trees and power lines and flooding major streets.[30][31]

Authorities in Da Nang estimated the damage caused by Xangsane at around US$200 million, with more than 5,000 houses washed away, 166,000 homes damaged and 19 boats sunk.[32] Three years later, Typhoon Ketsana made its landfall about 60 km (37 mi) south of Da Nang, again causing widespread flooding. Ketsana left eight people dead and 96 injured in Da Nang, and caused an estimated VND 495 billion (US$25 million) in damage.[33][34]

Shortly after the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake, which triggered a powerful tsunami, the People’s Committee of Da Nang approved the installation of 10 early tsunami warning stations throughout the city, the first of their kind in Vietnam. Officials expected the stations would provide at least thirty minutes of warning in case of a tsunami. According to Le Huy Minh, Director of the Earthquake and Tsunami Warning Centre at the Vietnam Institute of Geophysics, a powerful earthquake (≥8 MW) in the waters north of the Philippines could pose a significant danger to the Vietnamese coastline, particularly the area around Da Nang.[35]


Da Nang is the sixth most populated city in Vietnam, with an area of 1,255.53 km2 (484.76 sq mi) and a population of 1,064,100 as the latest update in 2017.[36] Women make up 50.7% of Da Nang’s population.[37]

Population growth

Da Nang’s population has been growing at rates of between 2.5% and 3% during most of the years between 2005 and 2011, significantly exceeding the national average of 1% to 1.2%.[38] The growth rate briefly rose to 3.6% in 2010 before returning to its long-term trend with 2.68% in 2011. This is the third fastest growth rate in the country after the two southern manufacturing centers Bình Dương Province (4.41%) and Đồng Nai Province (3.5%).[38]

Đà Nẵng’s population is estimated to reach one million inhabitants by 2014.[1] Migration has been the dominant factor in the city’s population growth at least since 2009, contributing 1.6% to 2.7% (2010) between 2009 and 2011.[38] Out-migration has been relatively high in 2011 at 0.79% compared to 0.34% and 0.55% in previous years, while the in-migration rate has been exceeding 2% since 2009 and was at 2.28% in 2011.[38]

Đà Nẵng’s natural population growth is only slightly higher than the national average. Its crude birth rate was recorded at 18 live births per 1000 persons. The crude death rate was measured at 6.7 per 1000 persons in 2011.[38] Life expectancy at birth was estimated at 77.4 years for women and 72.4 years for men, or 74.8 years overall in the 2009 population census. The infant mortality rate was measured at 9.9 infant deaths per 1000 live births,[38] less than two points above the nation’s average for urban areas.


The city has the highest urbanization ratio among provinces and municipalities in Vietnam,[10] containing only 11 rural communes, the fewest of any province-level unit in Vietnam.[39] As of 2009, 86.9% of Đà Nẵng’s population lived in urban areas; average annual urban population growth was 3.5%.[37]


The leading organ of the Communist Party in Da Nang City is the Executive Committee of the Communist Party. The current Secretary is Nguyen Van Quang.

The legislative branch of the city is the People’s Council of Da Nang City. The current Chairman is Luong Nguyen Minh Triet.

The executive branch of the city is the People’s Committee of Da Nang City. The current Chairman is Le Trung Chinh.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The city of Da Nang is officially divided into eight district-level sub-divisions, including six urban districts (Hải Châu, Thanh Khê, Cẩm Lệ, Sơn Trà, Ngũ Hành Sơn and Liên Chiểu) and two rural districts (Hòa Vang and Hoàng Sa(Paracel Islands[40])). They are further subdivided into 45 wards and 11 communes.

Before 1997, the city was part of Quang Nam–Da Nang Province. On 1 January 1997, Da Nang was separated from Quang Nam Province to become one of five independent (centrally-controlled) municipalities in Vietnam.

DistrictSubdivisionsAreaPopulation (2018)[41]Pop. density[41]
Cam Le6 wards33.312.9143,6322,054.745,321.8
Hai Chau13 wards24.19.3221,3249,251.1123,960.3
Hoa Vang11 communes737.5284.8201,070151.14391.5
Lien Chieu5 wards83.132.1170,1531,144.542,964.3
Ngu Hanh Son4 wards36.514.1115,8721,476.413,823.9
Son Tra7 wards60.823.5173,4551,970.585,103.8
Thanh Khe10 wards9.33.6205,34118,046.0646,739.1
Hoàng Sa305118000
Total45 wards, 11 communes1,479.1571.11,230,847628.581,628.0


Da Nang is the leading industrial center of central Vietnam. Its GDP per capita was 19 million VND in 2007, one of the highest in Vietnam (after Hồ Chí Minh City, Hanoi, Bình Dương Province, and Đồng Nai Province).[42] By 2009, this had increased to 27.3 million VND.[43]

Da Nang led the Provincial Competitiveness Index rankings in 2008, 2009, and 2010 (and was second after Bình Dương Province in the three years before that), benefiting mostly from good infrastructure, good performance in labour training, transparency, proactive provincial leadership and low entry costs.[citation needed ]

Exportsmillion US$ (2007)[44]Importsmillion US$ (2007)[44]
Textiles139.8Machinery, equipment237.2
Aquatic products75.2Materials for garments77
Handicraft products51.6Iron, steel41.6
Footwear17.7Chemical fertilizer22.5

Exports increased to US$575 million in 2008, but fell back to US$475 million in 2009.[43]

Agriculture, forestry, fishing[edit]

Despite its status as a city, 37,800 people in Da Nang were employed in agriculture, forestry and fishing as of 2007, producing 45,000t of rice and 41,000t of fish.[44] However, employment in these sectors had a clear negative trend in the first decade of the 21st century.[44] Gross output has also been decreasing during the second half of the decade.[43] Given Da Nang’s lack of agricultural land (9200ha as of 2007) and its location at the coast, fishing has been contributing more to the economy than agriculture, with a gross output more than twice that of agriculture.[44]


Da Nang is a diversified industrial center, including industries such as machinery, electrics, chemicals, shipbuilding, and textiles.[45] Specific industrial products include aquatic products, fabric, clothes, bricks, fertilizer, cement, soap, paper, and medical tablets.[44] The city’s industry may diversify further. EADS is planning to set up an industrial park focused on the aviation industry in Da Nang.[46]

As of 2007, Da Nang industry was dominated by the state sector, which made up 57% of gross output. This is about the same as its share in 2000.[44] Over 80% of the state industry is centrally managed (in other words: belongs to state corporations headquartered in Hanoi).[44] Almost half of the rest is contributed by the foreign-invested sector, while the private domestic sector is still relatively small and has not been able to significantly increase its share compared to the state sector. Industry grew by an average of 14.8% per year from 2000 to 2007, making it the main engine of economic growth. However, it has the second lowest industrial growth rate in the South Central Coast (behind only Khanh Hoa Province). Employment has grown at an average of 5.75%, reaching 118,900 in 2007.[42]


Historically, Da Nang’s main marketplace has been the Hàn Market (Vietnamese: Chợ Hàn), which is downtown near the west bank of the Hàn River, between Tran Phu and Bach Dang Streets. This market, much like Ben Thanh Market in Saigon, offers a wide variety of goods sold by many different vendors, such as clothing, silk, jewelry, flowers, foodstuffs such as dried fruit and fish, as well as coffee, tea and wine (including Vietnamese snake wine).[citation needed ]


Many new construction projects are underway in Da Nang, including several beachfront resorts such as the US$130 million Hyatt Regency Danang Resort & Spa, and the Beach Resort complex (including Ocean Villas and Marriott Hotel) in Ngu Hanh Son.[47] Another ambitious project, the US$250 million Da Phuoc International New Town aims to construct an entirely new urban area on reclaimed land on the city’s north sea coast, making it the first major land reclamation project in Central Vietnam. Plans for the Đa Phước project include the erection of a hotel and several smaller resorts, a 33-story apartment block and 60-story office block, an 18-hole golf course, a marina, as well as villas and international schools.[48][49]



A cable car in the Bà Nà Mountains

The Dragon bridge

The tourism sector is a vital component of Da Nang’s economy. Its status as a transportation hub for central Vietnam and its proximity to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Imperial City of Hue, the Old Town of Hoi An, and the My Son ruins fuels much of its tourist activity.

Mỹ Sơn is an archaeological site dating back more than a thousand years, in Quang Nam. Located in a remote forested valley some 70 km west of Da Nang, this former capital and religious center of the Champa kingdom once contained in excess of 70 style temples and stupas. Although badly damaged by bombing raids in the 1960s, the site still has more than 20 structures and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999. Many statues, sculptures and reliefs recovered from Mỹ Sơn are kept in the Museum of Cham Sculpture, near the Hàn River in the heart of Da Nang. Dating from the fourth to the 14th centuries, the sensual artwork on these works depicts daily activities as well as Hindu and Buddhist religious themes.

The Marble Mountains are rocky limestone outcrops jutting out of the beach just south of Da Nang. Paths lead to the top of the forested cliffs, providing views of Non Nuoc Beach and the South China Sea. The caves in the cliffs were originally inhabited by the Cham people. Later, the Nguyen Dynasty built numerous pagodas among the caves. The Marble Mountains are home to various artisans producing sculpture and artwork at its base at Non Nuoc Village.

Non Nuoc Beach is a white sandy beach on the outskirts of Đà Nẵng that is renowned for its history as an R&R destination for American troops during the Vietnam War. Today, the beach, along with Mỹ Khê beach to the north, are home to expensive resorts, surfing, and entertainment facilities. Ba Na Hills is a mountain resort with a 5 km-long cable car system which carries guests up to Ba Na’s peak at 1487m above sea level. Son Tra Mountain, just some miles away from the city centre with some wild streams and resorts along the seaside.[citation needed ]

The central coastal city of Da Nang saw a significant growth in international tourist arrivals in 2017, according to the city’s Department of Tourism. In 2017, about 6.6 million visitors came to Da Nang, up 19% over the previous year and 4.8% higher than its yearly target. The figure included 4.3 million domestic tourists, up 11.3% year-on-year.

The central city earned over VND19.4 trillion (US$853.96 million) in revenue, an increase of 20.6% from 2016. Statistics also show that the city witnessed an impressive increase in the number of visitors by air which stood at over 1.58 million, up 74.4% while by-car visitors via Thailand and Laos was estimated at 14,120.[50]


Central Vietnamese cuisine, particularly the cuisine of Da Nang, is well known through Vietnam, and growing in popularity internationally. Da Nang is famous for its flavorful dishes, such as Mì Quảng, Bún chả cá (fish ball noodle soup),Bánh tráng cuốn thịt heo( Dry pancake roll with pork), Banh xeo (Crispy pancake), Nem lui (Lemongrass Pork Skewers).[51]


Da Nang’s football club, SHB Da Nang F.C., play in the V-League, Vietnam’s top professional football league. They are currently one of the most highly ranked teams in that league, having emerged from competition as champions of the 2009 V-League. In the same year, they also completed the double by winning the Vietnamese Cup. They also qualified for the 2010 AFC Champions League and the 2010 AFC Cup; although they did not advance past the qualifying play-off in the Champions League,[52] they advanced to the quarter-finals of the AFC Cup after defeating Becamex Bình Dương in extra time.[53] Several Da Nang F.C. players also play for the Vietnam national team, including defender Võ Hoàng Quảng and midfielder Phan Thanh Hưng. SHB Da Nang F.C. play their home games at the Chi Lăng Stadium, a 30,000-seat stadium in Hải Châu District.

Xem thêm: Hà Tùng Dương


There are several universities located in Da Nang, with campuses in many locations throughout the city, as well as satellite campuses in surrounding regions.

  • University of Da Nang, with a number of member colleges:
    • Technology
    • Technology and Education
    • Economics
    • Pedagogy
    • Foreign Languages
    • Information Technology
    • Kon Tum campus
    • English Language Institute[54]
  • Da Nang University of Medical Technology,[55] Medicine and Pharmacy
  • Da Nang University of Sport
  • Duy Tan University, private university
  • Dong A University,[56] private university
  • Da Nang University of Architecture
  • The American University of Vietnam (AUV), private university

The city has 17 high schools, of which Le Quy Don High School for the Gifted is among the leading high schools in Vietnam.

There is also a sizable presence of overseas education representatives in Da Nang. Campus France,[57] is a French-government agency in Da Nang city which promotes the learning of the French language, and supports students in the city and the surrounding province in the location of study opportunities in the higher education system in France. The consultation service provided by CampusFrance is free of charge. English Language Institute[54] is a learning center built by the University of Queensland, Australia, targeting English teaching in addition to serving as an IELTS testing provider. Singapore International School is an international school in Da Nang.



Da Nang has a number of hospitals, including:

  • Da Nang Hospital
  • C Hospital
  • Da Nang Oncology Hospital
  • Da Nang Hospital for Women and Children.
  • Da Nang Hospital for Traumatology and Orthopaedics.
  • Women’s Hospital
  • Dermatology and Venereology
  • Traditional medicine

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is also known as “Da Nang lung” as many cases occurring during the Vietnam War were treated at a medical centre in Da Nang.[58]


Đà Nẵng is at the end of the East–West Economic Corridor (EWEC), which stretches over Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, and Burma (Myanmar).

By air[edit]

Da Nang International Airport.

Da Nang International Airport, located at the centre of the city, is the third largest international airport in Vietnam. It is an important gateway to access central Vietnam. The airport was known as Da Nang Air Base during the Vietnam War, during which time it was described as the world’s busiest airport.[24] During the month of May 1968, the base reached an average of 2,595 air traffic operations daily, more than any airport in the world.[25] As of June 2011, the airport has domestic connections to Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Haiphong, Vinh, Buon Ma Thuot, Da Lat, Nha Trang, and Can Tho, as well as international connections to Seoul (South Korea), Tokyo (Japan), Singapore, and Taipei (Taiwan).

Beginning 16 December 2011, Air Asia, a Malaysian low-cost carrier, began offering four flights a week between Đà Nẵng and Kuala Lumpur. A new international terminal opened in December 2011[59] allowing further connections to destinations such as Phnom Penh (Cambodia), Thailand, Hong Kong, Japan, and Australia.[60]

As of November 2015, Da Nang International airport has been undergoing extensive renovations.

By land[edit]

Hai Van Tunnel North Entrance

Da Nang is a major station along the North–South Railway, also known as the Reunification Express. National Highways 1A and 14B run through the city, providing road connections to Hanoi in the north and Ho Chi Minh City in the south, as well as the Central Highlands and Laos to the west. The Hai Pass is a mountain pass separating Da Nang and Thừa Thiên Huế Province, where Highway 1A passes through. To cut down on transit time and the danger to motorists from navigating the twisting mountain road, the Hải Vân Tunnel was built, opening in 2005. It is the longest tunnel in south-east Asia at 6.28 km, and allows motorists to save between 30 minutes and an hour on traveling times over the old Hải Vân Pass route. An expressway between Da Nang and nearby Quang Ngai is also in the planning stages.[citation needed ]

Several bridges cross the Han River and its tributaries in Da Nang, including the iconic Han River Bridge, Tran Thi Ly Bridge, Nguyen Van Troi Bridge, Tuyen Son Bridge and the recently completed Thuan Phuoc Bridge, which is the longest suspension bridge in Vietnam.[61] The Dragon River Bridge will cross the Han River at the Le Dinh Duong/Bach Dang roundabout, offering tourists coming from Đà Nẵng International Airport a more direct route to My Khe and Non Nuoc beaches, along the city’s eastern edge.

By sea[edit]

Da Nang’s port system is the third largest in Vietnam after Ho Chi Minh City and Haiphong. In 2008, Da Nang’s port handled 2.7 million tons of cargo, of which 1.2 million tons were exports, 525,900 tons were imports, and 985,600 tons were domestic cargo. Over 29,600 passengers passed through the port in 2008, a significant increase over previous years.[62] The port system consists of two areas: Tiên Sa Seaport, and Song Hàn Terminal. Tien Sa Seaport has a navigation depth of 11 m (36 ft), and is able to receive medium range tankers of up to 45,000 DWT, as well as container ships and large cruise ships. The approach to Song Hàn Terminal is 12 nmi (22 km) long with a navigation depth of 6–7 m (20–23 ft), and can accommodate vessels of up to 5,000 DWT. Vietnam National Shipping Lines (Vinalines) is the port authority for Đà Nẵng’s port system.[62]

Despite the fact that the port’s infrastructure is not specifically designed to accommodate cruise ships, the number of large cruise ships docking at Da Nang Port has increased in recent years.[63] In the first two months of 2010 alone, 12 cruise ships docked in Da Nang, carrying 6,477 passengers.[64]

In recent years,[when? ] cruise ships tend to dock at Chân Mây Port, which is located 50 km from Da Nang through the Hải Vân Tunnel.

Sister cities[edit]

  • Semarang, Indonesia[65]
  • Kawasaki, Japan[66]
  • Iwaki, Japan[66]
  • Shizuoka Japan[66]
  • Kagoshima, Japan[66]
  • Okinawa, Japan[66]
  • Shandong, China[66]
  • Jiangsu, China[66]
  • Qingdao, China[66]
  • Macau, China[66]
  • Kaohsiung, Taiwan[66]
  • Haiphong, Vietnam[66]
  • Salo, Finland[66]
  • Turku, Finland[66]
  • Oakland, United States[66]
  • San Francisco, United States[66]
  • Tacoma, United States[66]
  • Jersey City, United States[66]
  • Pittsburgh, United States[66]
  • Timișoara, Romania[67]
  • Newcastle, Australia[66]
  • İzmir, Turkey[66]
  • Yaroslavl, Russia[68]
  • Toluca, Mexico[69]


  1. ^ See also Danang Dragons
  2. ^ “Hearing the sudden gunfire, we know that the Western ships anchored at Vung Thung yesterday” (“Tai nghe súng nổ cái đùng, Tàu Tây đã lại Vũng Thùng hôm qua”). “Name of Danang through periods of time”. Da Nang People’s Committee. 3 January 2004. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2011.


  1. ^ a b Statistical Handbook of Vietnam 2014 Archived July 6, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, General Statistics Office Of Vietnam
  2. ^ “Công bố kết quả sơ bộ tổng điều tra dân số 2019: Cả nước có hơn 96,2 triệu người, Đà Nẵng có 09260063822 người”. Báo Đà Nẵng. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  3. ^ General Statistics Office of Vietnam (2019). Completed Results of the 2019 Viet Nam Population and Housing Census (PDF). Statistical Publishing House (Vietnam). ISBN 09260063822. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  4. ^ Also called Kinh people
  5. ^ “Tăng trưởng GRDP Đà Nẵng 2019 thấp nhất trong 5 TP trực thuộc Trung ương” (in Vietnamese). Tuổi Trẻ. December 28, 2019. Archived from the original on January 25, 2021. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  6. ^ Asia, T. T. G. “Vietnam’s Danang bans tourists after two Covid cases in months | TTG Asia”. www.ttgasia.com. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  7. ^ Wells, John (3 April 2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.). Pearson Longman. ISBN 09260063822.
  8. ^ Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs (27 May 2010). “Background Note: Vietnam”. U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  9. ^ “Quyết định số 145/2003/QĐ/TTg ngày 15/7/2003”. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  10. ^ a b “VietNamNet”. vietnamnet.vn. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  11. ^ a b c “Names of Đà Nẵng through periods of time”. Danang People’s Committee. 3 January 2004. Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  12. ^ Bùi Minh Quốc. Hỏi đáp về Quảng Nam-Đà Nẵng [Questions and Answers about Quảng Nam-Đà Nẵng].
  13. ^ “Năm mới nói chuyện tên quê”. Báo Đà Nẵng. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  14. ^ “KINGDOM OF CHAMPA”. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  15. ^ Lê Thành Khôi, Histoire du Vietnam, p.122, 141.
  16. ^ Ngô Vǎn Doanh, Champa, p.34; Ngô Vǎn Doanh, Mỹ Sơn Relics, p.75-76.
  17. ^ “HOI AN’s History”. www.angelfire.com. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  18. ^ a b Miller, Robert Hopkins (1990). “The Franklin and Captain White”. The United States and Vietnam, 1787–1941. Washington, D.C.: National Defense University Press. p. 7. ISBN 09260063822. OCLC 09260063822. Retrieved June 23, 2012.[permanent dead link ]
  19. ^ Trow, Charles Edward (1905), “Chapter XXII”, The old shipmasters of Salem, New York and London: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, pp. 251–266, OCLC 4669778, Captain White’s Journal.
  20. ^ Nicholas Tarling (editor), The Cambridge History of south-east Asia: Vol. 2, The nineteenth and twentieth centuries (1992), p. 42; Google Books Archived 09260063822 at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ Peter N. Stearns, ed. (2001). The encyclopedia of world history: ancient, medieval, and modern, chronologically arranged. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 575. ISBN 09260063822.
  22. ^ “Danang History”. Danang People’s Committee. 09260063822. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  23. ^ a b John Edmund Delezen (2003). Eye of the tiger: memoir of a United States marine, Third Force Recon Company, Vietnam. McFarland. p. 54. ISBN 09260063822. Archived from the original on 12 August 2021. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
  24. ^ a b AACS – Air Communication. Turner Publishing. 2004. ISBN 09260063822. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j “Location and Natural Conditions”. www.danang.gov.vn. Da Nang People’s Committee. Archived from the original on 9 October 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  26. ^ Eldridge M. Moores; Rhodes Whitmore Fairbridge (1997). Encyclopedia of European and Asian regional geology. Encyclopedia of earth sciences. Chapman & Hall encyclopedia of earth sciences. 19. Springer. p. 778. ISBN 09260063822. Archived from the original on 12 August 2021. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
  27. ^ a b “Klimatafel von Dà Nang (Tourane) / Vietnam” (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 November 2019. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  28. ^ “Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction” (PDF) (in Vietnamese). Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  29. ^ “Typhoon, flood claim 71 lives in central Vietnam”. ReliefWeb. Xinhua News Agency. 6 October 2006. Archived from the original on 10 October 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2006.
  30. ^ “Typhoon Xangsane, flood toll reaches 169”. ReliefWeb. Reuters. 5 October 2006. Archived from the original on 8 December 2008. Retrieved 8 October 2006.
  31. ^ “Toll rises from Vietnam typhoon” Archived 09260063822 at the Wayback Machine. BBC. 2 October 2006.
  32. ^ “Typhoon Ketsana slams into Vietnam”. CNN. 29 September 2009. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2009.
  33. ^ 200 tonnes of rice for Đà Nẵng’s Ketsana victims Archived 09260063822 at the Wayback Machine. Đà Nẵng People’s Committee. 10 June 2009.
  34. ^ “Vietnam on high alert for earthquakes, tsunamis”. 13 March 2011. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
  35. ^ “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  36. ^ a b “General Statistics Office Of Vietnam”. www.gso.gov.vn. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  37. ^ a b c d e f General Statistics Office (2012): Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam 2011. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi
  38. ^ The data of local administrative subdivisions till 31/12/2008 by Vietnam Statistics General Office Archived 09260063822 at the Wayback Machine.
  39. ^ The Paracel Islands are not currently administered by Da Nang city officials; see South China Sea dispute for more details.
  40. ^ a b Danang population Archived 09260063822 at the Wayback Machine. Danang People’s Committee.
  41. ^ a b calculations based on General Statistics Office (2009): Socio-economical Statistical Data of 63 Provinces and Cities. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi
  42. ^ a b c Bình Định Statistics Office (2010): Bình Định Statistical Yearbook 2009. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h General Statistics Office (2009): Socio-economic Statistical Data of 63 Provinces and Cities, Vietnam. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi
  44. ^ Atlat Dia li Viet Nam (Geographical Atlas of Vietnam). NXB Giao Duc, Hanoi: 2010
  45. ^ “Dự án công nghiệp hàng không Đà Nẵng”. BBC Vietnamese. 10 June 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  46. ^ “Đà Nẵng: Coastal real estate market bustling”. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  47. ^ US$250-million for Daphuoc International New Town Project in Đà Nẵng City
  48. ^ “Daewon breaks ground for first urban area on reclaimed land”. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  49. ^ “Da Nang sees significant growth in foreign visitors in 2017”. Vietnam National Administration of Tourism. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  50. ^ “Guide”. Viet Nam guide. Archived from the original on 20 July 2020. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  51. ^ “AFC Champions League 2010: Schedule & Results”. Asian Football Confederation. Archived from the original on 28 June 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  52. ^ “Ðà Nẵng 4-3 Bình Dương”. Asian Football Confederation. 12 May 2010. Archived from the original on 28 June 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  53. ^ a b “English Language Institute, Da Nang”. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  54. ^ “Medical School Website”. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  55. ^ “Dong A University Website”. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  56. ^ “Contact CampusFrance Da Nang”. Archived from the original on 09260063822.
  57. ^ Altman, Lawrence K. (9 April 1985). “Deadly Lung Ailment Has Battlefield Origins”. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 25 June 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  58. ^ “New terminal opens in Da Nang”. Viet Nam News. Archived from the original on 25 January 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
  59. ^ “Malaysian low cost carrier opens new international terminal in December 2011”[permanent dead link ]
  60. ^ “Vietnam’s longest suspension bridge inaugurated”. Danang Investment Promotion Center. 23 July 2009. Archived from the original on 4 March 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
  61. ^ a b “Da Nang Port”. World Port Source. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  62. ^ Hai Chau (09260063822). “Đà Nẵng: more tourists, more worries”. VietnamNet. Archived from the original on 09260063822.
  63. ^ “Seabourn Odyssey Cruise Ship brings 352 visitors to Danang”. Danang.gov.vn. 19 March 2010. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
  64. ^ “Marzuki: Hubungan Indonesia-Vietnam Harus Ditingkatkan – Yahoo! News Indonesia”. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  65. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t “Overseas Relations: Sister cities and prefectures of Danang City”. Danang People’s Committee. 09260063822. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  66. ^ “Welcome Timișoara’s delegation”. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  67. ^ “Russian and Vietnamesee partnership”. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.
  68. ^ “Nacionales – Terra Mexico”. www.terra.com.mx. Archived from the original on 09260063822. Retrieved 09260063822.

External links[edit]

Da Nang - WikipediaWikimedia Commons has media related to Da Nang.
Da Nang - WikipediaWikivoyage has a travel guide for Da Nang.
  • Đà Nẵng government portal
  • Da Nang - Wikipedia Geographic data related to Da Nang at OpenStreetMap

Links to related articles

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Cities in Vietnam

  • Hanoi
  • Ho Chi Minh
  • Cần Thơ
  • Da Nang
  • Haiphong

  • Thủ Đức

  • Bắc Ninh
  • Biên Hòa
  • Buôn Ma Thuột
  • Da Lat
  • Hạ Long
  • Hải Dương
  • Huế
  • Long Xuyên
  • Mỹ Tho
  • Nam Định
  • Nha Trang
  • Pleiku
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  • Thanh Hóa
  • Thủ Dầu Một
  • Việt Trì
  • Vinh
  • Vũng Tàu
  • Bà Rịa
  • Bạc Liêu
  • Bắc Giang
  • Bến Tre
  • Cà Mau
  • Cao Lãnh
  • Cẩm Phả
  • Châu Đốc
  • Đồng Hới
  • Hà Tĩnh
  • Lào Cai
  • Lạng Sơn
  • Móng Cái
  • Ninh Bình
  • Phan Rang–Tháp Chàm
  • Phan Thiết
  • Phủ Lý
  • Phú Quốc
  • Quảng Ngãi
  • Rạch Giá
  • Sa Đéc
  • Sơn La
  • Tam Kỳ
  • Tân An
  • Thái Bình
  • Trà Vinh
  • Tuy Hòa
  • Uông Bí
  • Vị Thanh
  • Vĩnh Long
  • Vĩnh Yên
  • Bắc Kạn
  • Bảo Lộc
  • Cam Ranh
  • Cao Bằng
  • Chí Linh
  • Dĩ An
  • Điện Biên Phủ
  • Đông Hà
  • Đồng Xoài
  • Gia Nghĩa
  • Hà Giang
  • Hà Tiên
  • Hòa Bình
  • Hội An
  • Hưng Yên
  • Hồng Ngự
  • Kon Tum
  • Lai Châu
  • Long Khánh
  • Ngã Bảy
  • Phúc Yên
  • Sầm Sơn
  • Sóc Trăng
  • Sông Công
  • Tam Điệp
  • Tây Ninh
  • Thuận An
  • Tuyên Quang
  • Yên Bái

  • An Nhơn
  • Bến Cát
  • Bỉm Sơn
  • Bình Minh
  • Cai Lậy
  • Cửa Lò
  • Đông Triều
  • Gò Công
  • Kỳ Anh
  • La Gi
  • Long Mỹ
  • Phổ Yên
  • Phú Mỹ
  • Phú Thọ
  • Quảng Yên
  • Sông Cầu
  • Sơn Tây
  • Tân Châu
  • Tân Uyên
  • Từ Sơn
  • An Khê
  • Ayun Pa
  • Ba Đồn
  • Bình Long
  • Buôn Hồ
  • Duy Tiên
  • Duyên Hải
  • Điện Bàn
  • Đức Phổ
  • Đông Hòa
  • Giá Rai
  • Hòa Thành
  • Hoài Nhơn
  • Hoàng Mai
  • Hồng Lĩnh
  • Hương Thủy
  • Hương Trà
  • Kiến Tường
  • Kinh Môn
  • Mường Lay
  • Mỹ Hào
  • Ngã Năm
  • Nghi Sơn
  • Nghĩa Lộ
  • Ninh Hòa
  • Phước Long
  • Quảng Trị
  • Sa Pa
  • Thái Hòa
  • Trảng Bàng
  • Vĩnh Châu
  • v
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Districts of Vietnamese South Central Coast

Da Nang city
  • Urban districts
    • Cẩm Lệ
    • Hải Châu
    • Liên Chiểu
    • Ngũ Hành Sơn
    • Sơn Trà
    • Thanh Khê
  • Hòa Vang
  • Hoàng Sa§

Bình Định Province
  • Quy Nhơn city
  • An Nhơn town
  • Hoài Nhơn town
  • An Lão
  • Hoài Ân
  • Phù Cát
  • Phù Mỹ
  • Tây Sơn
  • Tuy Phước
  • Vân Canh
  • Vĩnh Thạnh
Bình Thuận Province
  • Phan Thiết city
  • La Gi town
  • Bắc Bình
  • Đức Linh
  • Hàm Tân
  • Hàm Thuận Bắc
  • Hàm Thuận Nam
  • Phú Quý Island
  • Tánh Linh
  • Tuy Phong
Khánh Hòa Province
  • Cam Ranh city
  • Nha Trang city
  • Ninh Hòa town
  • Cam Lâm
  • Diên Khánh
  • Khánh Sơn
  • Khánh Vĩnh
  • Trường Sa§
  • Vạn Ninh
Ninh Thuận Province
  • Phan Rang–Tháp Chàm city
  • Bác Ái
  • Ninh Hải
  • Ninh Phước
  • Ninh Sơn
  • Thuận Bắc
  • Thuận Nam
Phú Yên Province
  • Tuy Hòa city
  • Đông Hòa town
  • Sông Cầu town
  • Đồng Xuân
  • Phú Hòa
  • Sơn Hòa
  • Sông Hinh
  • Tây Hòa
  • Tuy An
Quảng Nam Province
  • Hội An city
  • Tam Kỳ city
  • Điện Bàn town
  • Bắc Trà My
  • Đại Lộc
  • Đông Giang
  • Duy Xuyên
  • Hiệp Đức
  • Nam Giang
  • Nam Trà My
  • Nông Sơn
  • Núi Thành
  • Phú Ninh
  • Phước Sơn
  • Quế Sơn
  • Tây Giang
  • Thăng Bình
  • Tiên Phước
Quảng Ngãi Province
  • Quảng Ngãi city
  • Đức Phổ town
  • Ba Tơ
  • Bình Sơn
  • Lý Sơn
  • Minh Long
  • Mộ Đức
  • Nghĩa Hành
  • Sơn Hà
  • Sơn Tây
  • Sơn Tịnh
  • Trà Bồng
  • Tư Nghĩa
  • Lý Sơn Island

denotes provincial seat. / § Sovereignty over Hoàng Sa & Trường Sa archipelagoes is disputed as of 6 September 2021.

  • v
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Vietnam cities with a 200,000+ population

2,000,000 and more
  • Ho Chi Minh City
  • Hanoi (capital)
  • Haiphong
  • Cần Thơ
  • Da Nang
  • Biên Hòa
  • Thủ Đức
  • Huế
  • Hải Dương
  • Thuận An
  • Nha Trang
  • Dĩ An
  • Buôn Ma Thuột
  • Huế
  • Thanh Hóa
  • Vũng Tàu
  • Thái Nguyên
  • Vinh
  • Thủ Dầu Một
  • Hạ Long
  • Quy Nhon
  • Long Xuyên
  • Quảng Ngãi
  • Pleiku
  • Bắc Ninh
  • Nam Định
  • Mỹ Tho
  • Rạch Giá
  • Phan Thiết
  • Da Lat
  • Cà Mau
  • Chí Linh
  • Việt Trì
  • Thái Bình
  • v
  • t
  • e

Largest cities and municipalities in Vietnam

Government of Vietnam

RankNameProvince Pop.RankNameProvince Pop.

Ho Chi Minh City

1Ho Chi Minh CityMunicipality8,993,082[1]11Nha TrangKhánh Hòa422,601[1]


Cần Thơ
2HanoiMunicipality8,053,663[1]12Dĩ AnBình Dương403,760[2]
3HaiphongMunicipality2,028,514[1]13Buôn Ma ThuộtĐắk Lắk375,590[1]
4Cần ThơMunicipality1,235,171[1]14Thanh HóaThanh Hóa359,910[1]
5Đà NẵngMunicipality1,134,310 [1]15Vũng TàuBà Rịa-Vũng Tàu357,124[1]
6Biên HòaĐồng Nai1,055,414[1]16Thái NguyênThái Nguyên340,403[1]
7Thủ Đứcwithin Ho Chi Minh City1,013,795[3]17VinhNghệ An339,114[1]
8HuếThừa Thiên Huế652,572[4]18Thủ Dầu MộtBình Dương321,607[1]
9Thuận AnBình Dương508,433[2]19Hạ LongQuảng Ninh300,267[5]
10Hải DươngHải Dương508,190[6]20Quy NhonBình Định290,053[1]

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